According to Modren Astronomy and Science , we know that the earth’s orbit around the sun is not a circle and is slightly elliptical. Therefore, the distancebetween the earth and the sun varies throughout the year.
At its nearest point on the ellipse that is the earth’s orbit around the sun, the earth is 91,445,000 miles (147,166,462 kms) from the sun. This point in the earth’s orbit is known as Periapsis (perihelion) and it occurs around January 3.
The earth is farthest away from the sun around July 3 when it is 94,555,000 miles (152,171,522 km) from the sun. This point in the earth’s orbit is called Apoapsis (aphelion). The average distance from the earth to the sun is 92,955,807 miles (149,597,870.691 km).
Distance Between Sun & Earth Mentioned in Hanuman Chalisa :
According to Records, For the first time in 1672, Jean Richer and Giovanni Domenico Cassini measured the distance between Earth and Sun as 22,000 times of Earth Radii.( Earth’s Radius is 6,371 Kms).
i.e 22000 * 6371 kms = 140,162,000 kms (140 Million Kms).
Two lines of Hindu Prayer ” Hanuman Chalisa” computes this distance with great simplicity.
“! जुग सहस्त्र योजन पर भानु, लील्यो ताहिमधुर फल जानू !”
This means that Sun (भानु) is at a distance of Juug Sahastra Yojans (जुग सहस्त्र योजन- Distance Unit in Hindi)
According to following conversion practices that are in use as per Hindu Vedic Literature-
1 Juug = 12000
1 Sahastra= 1000
1 Yojan = 8 Miles
12000 X 1000 X 8 = 96,000,000 miles
1 mile = 1.6 kms
This further implies that distance is 96,000,000 * 1.6 kms = 153,600,000 Kms
Here’s a portion of hanuman chalisa :
Check out he 18th line:
Jai Hanuman Gyana Gunasagara, Jai Kapeesa Tihu Loka Ujaagara
Rama Doota Atulita Baladhaamaa, Anjanee Putra Pawanasuta Naama
Mahabir Bikram Bajarangee, Kumatee Nivaara Sumatee Ke Sangee
Kanchana Barana Biraaja Subesha ,Kanana Kundala Kunchita Kesha
Haatha Vajra Aur Dhwajaa Birajay, Kaandhe Moonj Janeun Saaje
Shankara Suvana Kesaree Nandana,Teja Pratapa Maha Jaga Vandana
Vidya Vaana Gunee Aati Chatur, Ramakaja Kareebe Ko Aatur
Prabhu Charitra Suneebe Ko Rasiya,Rama Lakhana Seeta Mana Basiya
Suukshmaroopadhari Siyahi Dikhava,Vikataroopadhari Lanka Jarawaa
Bhima Roopa Dharee Asura Sanhaare, Ramachandra Ke Kaaja Sanwaare
Laaye Sanjeevan Lakhana Jiyaye, Shri Raghubeera Harasheeura Laaye
Raghupatee Keenhi Bahuta Badaayii,Tum Mam Priya Bharata Sama Bhayee
Sahas Badan Tumharo Jas Gave, Asa Kahe Shreepathee Kantha Lagaave
Sanaka Dik Brahma Dee Muneesa, Narada Sharada Sahita Aheesa
Yama Kubera Digapaala Jahan The, Kavi Kovida Kahee Sakay Kahan The
Tum Upakaara Sugreevaheen Keenha, Rama Milaaya Rajapada Deenha
Tumharo Mantra Vibheeshana Maanaa,Lankeshwara Bhaye Saba Jaga Jaanaa
Juga Sahastra Yojana Par Bhanu ,Leelyo Taahi Madhura Phala Jaanu
Prabhu Mudrika Meli Mukha Mayee, Jaladhi Laanghee Gaye Acharaj Nahee
Durgama Kaaja Jagatke Jethe, Sugama Anugraha Tumhare Tete
Rama Duaare Tuma Rakhawaale, Hota Na Aagyan Bina Paysaare
Sab Sukh Lahai Tumhari Sarana, Tum Rakshak Kahoo Ko Darna
Aapan Tej Samhaarao Aape, Teeno Lok Haankate Kaapein
Bhoota Pishaacha Nikata Nahee Aawe, Mahabeera Jaba Naama Sunaavay
Naashai Roga Hare Sab Peera, Japata Nirantara Hanumatha Beera
Sankat Se Hanuman Chodave, Man Krama Bachana Dhyan Jo Laave
Hanuman challisa was written by Goswami Tulasidas (born 15th century) in Awadhi language who belongs to 15th century. which means the distance between Sun and earth has been calculated much more accurately than the 17th century scientists even before 2 centuries.
The Questions like “how Tulsidas calculated this distance” or “how he is able to know about this distance” are not limited but “What are the advanced technologies our ancient ancestors used, regarding which we have no clues “. We also have to observe that the people of that age have more Talent, knowledge, capabilities and much more advanced technology that is beyond the imagination of our present day technologies.
History is not presented to us in a way it should be. There are still many elements and precious jewels of information that are being kept hidden from us. Ocean of history is before you, dive in and dig the jewels out. The gleaming beam of knowledge from these jewels will not only enrich our country but will also keep bestowing direction to our future generations. We hope that this post will help you to understand the significance of our ancient principles, technology and culture.
Find more Chalisa with complete lyrics in English and Hindi font with translation Here.