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Kanipakam Temple


Kanipakam Temple is situated in Kanipakam, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh. This temple’s chief deity is Lord Ganesha.

Kanipakam Temple

The Kanipakam Temple exact location is 11kms away from Chittoor and situated in Irana Mandala.  The temple was established in the beginning of 11th Century by Koluthunga Chola I during the Vijayanagara Dynasty.Along the banks of Bahuda River there is lies a small hamlet called Kanipakam. There is a meaning for the word ‘Kanipakam’. The word ‘kani’ means marshy wetland and ‘Pakam’ means the flow of the river’s water into the wetland.  

Kanipakam Temple History

As per the folklore and legends, there lived three brothers who had one disability each. One of them was blind another one was dumb and the last one was deaf. Although with this disabilities they lived a happy life and lead their livelihood by cultivating in small piece of land. During the time of old, people either use to draw water from the well or the river. When one of them irrigated the other worked on the well and water the lands. One day while one of the brothers started to irrigate they soon found out that the well, from which they used to draw water has dried up and the water levels has dropped down. So one of them stepped in and started digging the base of the well in hope that they will be able to hit the underground water line. As they he was digging one day the iron tip of the spade came in contact with something hard more like a stone structure. Upon closer inspection the brother found out that something red like substance which looked and felt like blood was oozing out of the stone. Suddenly, within minutes the base of the well was red with ‘Blood’.  Looking at this miraculous deed happening all the three brothers who watched this miracle happening, suddenly got rid of their deformities. Word spread around like wild fire about the miraculous stone found at the bottom of the well and the way it healed the three brothers. People from all over the village came rushing to the site and when they saw the idol like stone for themselves, they sacrificed thousands of coconut as a tribute to the idol. All the water from the coconuts sacrificed then started to flow for quite a distance. Thus the name Kanipakam Temple.

Kanipakam Vinayaka temple Chittoor

Some Other Features of the Idol

There are some other features about the Kanipakam Temple idol. One of them being that it grows in size. Currently we can see till the abdomen and knees. One of the devotee Smt. Lakshmamma, offered golden a  ‘Kavacham’ (Golden Armour) to Lord Ganesha about 5 decades ago. Now the same thing doesn’t fit the idol. The water is dispatched as holy water to the devotees.

The Myth of the River

There were two brothers Sankha And Likhita. They reached Kanipakam as pilgrims. They journey from a long distance and both of them were tired and hungry. Likhita, the younger brother was feeling hungry and disregarding his elder brother’s orders he plucked a mango from the nearest tree and ate it. When the elder brother came to about this he was so angry that he complained against his own younger brother to the ruler who ruled that area. Sankha wanted his younger brother to be punished for his sins, punishment which he got. But the punishment was too harsh for the crime he had committed. He lost both of his arms. Later both of the brother took a bath in the Bahuda river near Kanipakam Temple. The moment they broke the surface of the holy water, Likhita found that both of his arms have been miraculously reattached to his shoulders. After hearing this incident, the ruler renamed the river as Bahuda (Bahu means arms)

Kanipakam Vinayaka Temple

Reaching Kanipakam Temple

Kanipakam Temple, can be reached by air, bus/car and train. The nearest airport is Tirupati Airport In Renigunta. Direct flights are available till Tirupati from Coimbatore, Vizag and Hyderabad. By train there are several options, in fact there are so many of them that one can get spoilt for choices. And moreover it’s only 68kms from Tirupati to Kanipakam. It’s a one and half hrs drive. Vellore Golden Temple is at a distance of 60 kilometers approximately, which is also a very beautiful place to visit.

Unity in Diversity in India


Unity in Diversity is the slogan of India and has a unique culture which has maintained continuity for thousands of years while adapting itself to ongoing changes at the same time. It is the duty of every Indian to preserve, promote and conserve our cultural heritage and all forms of art and culture. Indian culture has many colors. It includes social and intellectual aspects of any human being. It also takes into account of the aesthetic instinct as well as the spiritual impulses of human being. It has also, in effect, an appeal to the subconscious as a force for the formation of the character.

India is a country with a rich cultural heritage and a diverse population. With over 1.3 billion people, India is home to a wide range of ethnic groups, each with their own unique traditions, languages, and customs. From the snow-capped peaks of the Himalayas to the sun-drenched beaches of Goa, India’s landscapes are as varied as its people.

India’s history spans thousands of years and has been shaped by a multitude of empires, religions, and cultures. This diverse heritage is reflected in India’s art, music, and architecture, from the intricate carvings of the temples in Tamil Nadu to the vibrant street art of Mumbai. Despite its diversity, India is united by a shared love for cricket, Bollywood, and spicy food. From the bustling streets of Delhi to the tranquil backwaters of Kerala, India is a country that never fails to captivate and inspire visitors.

Unity in Diversity of India

We see people around us speaking different languages, having different religions and practicing different rituals. You can also see the diversities in their dress patterns and food habits. As well as, look at their innumerable forms of music and dance in India. But within all these diversities there is an underlying unity which acts as a cementing force. The intermixing of people has been continuing in India over centuries. A number of people of different ethnic backgrounds, racial stock, and religious beliefs have settled down in India for unity in diversity.

Characteristics of Indian culture

Different traditions cultures of India

Ancient Origin

Comparatively, Indian culture is the world’s oldest among other countries’ cultures. Cave paintings of Bhimbetka, of the pre-historic origin, are the example of such ancient origin. Indus valley people were the first to produce cotton, hence Greeks referred them as ‘Sindon’.

Stability and Variations

Many great cultures had developed in different regions of the world and have perished and have been substituted by some other cultures. Despite, Indian culture for unity in diversity has had an enduring character. Significant threats of continuity can be traced throughout the course of Indian history right up to the present day. And it has been more than 4500 years ago that the Harappan civilization multiplied in the Indian land. And even today if you have a look at the Indian villages they resemble the design of Harappan house. Some visible features of Harappan culture,like worshipping of the Mother Goddess are still practiced.

Variety and Unity

Few cultures in the world could boast of such variety as the Indian culture. Indian culture, has comprehended the best part from other religions of the world such as Buddhism, Jainism, Hinduism, and Sikhism etc since three millennia. various styles of sculpture, architecture and painting, music and dance etc. Indian literature in different languages also reflects this composite nature. People are coming from far places and have been settling here since many centuries.

Why is there so much variety in Indian culture? There are many reasons for this.the vastness of the country and variation in its physical and climatic features is an obvious reason for the variety. The second important reason for variety in Indian culture is the intermixing of different ethnic groups.

secularism india

Secular Outlook

This feature of Indian culture is the outcome of the interlacing of the people belonging to different cultural groups over a long period of time. The well-known cultural traditions of India are the best examples of such cultural synthesis in which a mob of people belonging to diversified religious groups converge at a point. The state has no religion of its own and all religions are given equal importance in Indian land. The people believe in the theme of “live and let others live”.


The theory of coexistence has not been restricted to the political and geological  boundaries of the country only. India has a universal outlook and it has been promoting the message of peace and harmony to every part of the world. India has been promoting a strong message against colonialism and racialism. It has protected against the formation of power blocks in the world.

Spiritualistic and Materialistic

India is known to be the terrain of spirituality specifically to the West. Despite,   Indian history from ancient times to present day shows that the developments of materialistic and non-materialistic culture have been going along side. The Harappan civilization was an urban one.

It had a systematic town planning system such as a detailed drainage system and they had a subtle knowledge of mathematics, weights and measures. Discoveries of theories like “ Earth revolves around the

Sun” or “Earth is round” were made by Indians long before Europe admitted them. There was no obligation or antithesis by religious other thoughts in preserving such knowledge.

Indian Cultural Diversity

Inclusiveness and Co-existence

Indian culture has included different elements of other cultures that came in contact. It is the reason why it has impacted the Arab and the European cultures. The cultural amalgamation is a continuous process and it is going on till date. Shakas, Huns, Kushanas, Turks, Arabs and Parsis kept coming to the country and enriched its culture. As per Dr.Radhakrishnan, India is the only country where there is peaceful co-existence between temples , churches, gurudwaras and mosques.

Cultural Identity : Religion and Religionism

Indian cultural identity is based on various aspects such as religion, domicile etc. it depends on social, political and economic factors. For instance, muslim culture of Uttar Pradesh differs significantly with that of Kerala, similarly the Kashmiri Brahmin Muslims, both are proud of their territorial identity with unity in diversity.

Importance of Yoga In Our Daily Life


Importance of yoga – The word Yoga declares in our religious books,the Rig Veda. The Vedas were gathered by the books includes mantras, songs that is used by Brahmans. Yoga is an old regulation in India, firstly Yoga was developed by Indus Sarasvati civilization in north India 5,000 years ago.

Importance of Yoga

Yoga keeps our body healthy and reduces mental stress keeps you more active and improves breathing exercises, meditation or pranayama, dhyana, these maintains the body and mind peace and healthy.

Classical Yoga has been discovered by Patanjali,the most famous Yoga scriptures is Bhagavad Gita with the history of 500 B. E. C. The final goal of Yoga is  help to increases the mindpower , knowledge and the mind gets freedom for all desires. Doing Yoga moves from one position to another and these positions are called as Asanas.

Importance of Yoga in Our Daily Life

There is one important and common Asana in Yoga is “Sun Salutation” and commonly called as “Suryanamaskar”, it contains 12 Asanas doing one after the other it maintains good body balance the soul. It was very popular Asana in Yoga and brings importance of yoga in our daily life.

Power of Yoga

Yoga is the way of maintaining our desires, aims in a healthy path in the healthy body, Yoga does not belongs to any religion

  • It reduces respiratory problems
  • Decreases stress and tensions in the body
  • Take out all the negative thoughts from the mind and body
  • Increases personal power
  • It helps for children in maintaining concentration and focus

The word Yoga derives from a Sanskrit language,it is an early Indian language Yoga is extracted by the word ‘yuj’ means to yoke taking together a team of oxen.

Importance of Yoga With Surya Namaskar

Surya Namaskara is also called as Sun Salutation, it is a type of common graceful Asana in daily life. Symbolically it refers sun as the soul and origin of life, some of the pandits credits few modern Surya Namaskars in implementation to Tirumalai Krishnamacharya instructions.

Benefits and Guidelines of Surya Namaskar

The following series warm up the daily routine for Surya Namaskar

1.Benefits of Pranamasana yoga

Pranamasana is also called as Prayer pose, it is the beginning pose of Surya Namaskar. In this asana the palms are joining together and standing in the Prayer pose, Pranam it is the word derived from sanskrit and it is know as ‘To pay Respect’ and asana is called as pose

It is a common sign  used in India and many countries and specifies the importance of yoga, it defines to show respect and the way to greet others mainly for guests, seniors and elders. The word in India is usually to greet others is Namaste, the jiva declare to be situated at the heart in middle while doing this we have to exhale breath it is based on Anahata chakra , so that the palms are joined together and touchings the other’s heart while greeting other’s, this sign with hands known as “Pranamasana”.

2.Benefits of Hasta Uttanasana yoga

Hasta Uttanasana is also called as Raised arm pose, and it is one of the asana in Surya Namaskar. While doing this asana we have to repeat the mantra, this Hasta Uttanasana can be done as 2nd and 11th asanas in Surya Namaskar.It improves digestion, it expands muscles and reduces stress.

3.Benefits of Hastapadasana yoga

Hastapadasana is also called as Foot to hand Forward bend pose, it can reduces many of the problems like hair fall, back pain while doing this daily. It strengthens our hands and chest and gives good structure to our body, while doing this we have to exhale and it is based on swadhisthana chakra, it regulates blood circulation in brain.

4.Benefits of Ashwa Sanchalanasana yoga

Ashwa Sanchalanasana is also known as Equestrian pose, this is called Single Leg Extension Pose. This pose helps to gain strengthens the legs and becomes flexible,while doing this we have to inhale and it is based on Ajna Chakra.

This Asana improves flexibility and reduces back pain,it opens the lungs and improves stamina.

5.Benefits of Dandasana/Phalakasanayoga

Dandasana/Phalakasana is also known as Downward-facing dog, in this asana the hands takes carry the entire weight of the body. For beginners is slightly difficult to do this.while doing this we have to exhale and it is based on the Vishuddhi Chakra, it reduces the tummy fat keeps you fit. It helps to reduces stress and mental tensions, pregnant womens avoid doing this asana.

Benefits of Yoga

6.Benefits of Ashtanga Namaskara yoga

Ashtanga Namaskara is also called as Eight-Limbed pose, in this asana the body touches the floor in eight places two toes, two knees,chest and two palms and also head, it strengths chest muscles. In this asana we have to suspend the breath and it is based on Manipura Chakra.

7.Benefits of Bhujangasana yoga

Bhujangasana is also called as Cobra pose, it represented as raised hood in this asana we have to lie on our stomach with support of toes and lifting up the head up. While doing this asana we have to inhale and it is based on Swadhisthana Chakra, it helps for people who is having respiratory problems,improves blood circulation.

8.Benefits of Adho Mukha Svanasana yoga

Adho Mukha Svanasana is also known as Downward-facing dog, in this asana the hands takes carry the entire weight of the body. For beginners is slightly difficult to do this.while doing this we have to exhale and it is based on the Vishuddhi Chakra, it reduces the tummy fat keeps you fit. It helps to reduces stress and mental tensions, pregnant womens avoid doing this asana.

9.Benefits of Ashwa Sanchalanasana yoga

Ashwa Sanchalanasana is also called as Equestrian pose, it appears as 4th and 9th asana of Surya Namaskar. It improves the quality of the bones, legs and keeps you fit and defines importance of yoga in our daily life.

10.Benefits of Hasta Padasana yoga

Breathing out, bring the left foot forward. Keep the palms on the floor. You may bend the knees, if necessary. Gently straighten the knees and if you can, try and touch your nose to the knees. Keep breathing. Benefits: Tones abdomen, muscles of thighs and legs. Stretches spine and back muscles. Opens the hips and shoulders.

11.Benefits of Hasta Uttanasana yoga

Hasta Uttanasana is also called as Raised arm pose, and it is one of the asana in Surya Namaskar. While doing this asana we have to repeat the mantra, this Hasta Uttanasana can be done as 2nd and 11th asanas in Surya Namaskar. It improves digestion, it expands muscles and reduces stress.

12.Benefits of Pranamasana yoga

Pranamasena is also called as Prayer pose, it is the beginning pose of Surya Namaskar. In this asana the palms are joining together and standing in the Prayer pose, Pranam it is the word derived from sanskrit and it is know as ‘To pay Respect’ and asana is called as pose

It is a common sign  used in India and many countries, it defines to show respect and the way to greet others mainly for guests, seniors and elders. The word in India is usually to greet others is Namaste, the jiva declare to be situated at the heart in middle while doing this we have to exhale breath it is based on Anahata chakra , so that the palms are joined together and touchings the other’s heart while greeting other’s, this sign with hands known as “Pranamasena”.

All these asanas are based on Chakras related to our body

An Essay on Global Warming – Causes, Effects and Solution


It is expected to experience scarcity of natural resources within very few centuries of earth, for which most of the reason will be man made negligence. It is known that natural resources are getting consumed in high quantities that will leave no clue of their existence to next generations. In order to avoid these disasters there are some important precautions to be followed by human cycle. This essay on global warming provides you an overview of reasons, effects and precautions associated with Global Warming.

What is Global Warming?

The average surface temperature of the Earth increases because of greenhouse gases like the emissions of carbon dioxide from deforestation or from burning fossil fuels. These carbon dioxide emissions trap the heat that escapes from the Earth. This is a kind of greenhouse effect. This essay on global warming describes the causes, effects of global warming and also the states the solution for its prevention.

The temperature of the Earth is maintained at a safe level making it possible for various life forms including humans to exist. The greenhouse effect has been increased significantly due to the human activities since the Industrial Revolution causing the average temperature of the Earth to increase almost by 1 degree centigrade. Global warming is created by this today.

A long series of international studies and scientific research has shown that the increase in overall temperatures is because of the greenhouse gases by the activities of humans. Many places around the world are affected by global warming. It is highly enhancing the melting of glaciers, permafrost and ice sheets which is causing the rise in average sea levels.

In many different places, it is also changing the weather patterns and precipitation making few places dryer increasing the periods of drought and at the same time, making others wetter with increased flooding and stronger storms. The human society as well as the nature have been affected by these changes and will have even worse effects if the emissions of greenhouse gases continue to enhance in the same way.

Essay on Global Warming

Causes of Global Warming

This section of essay on global warming summarizes the various causes of global warming. The increment in the quantity of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere produced by the activities of humans like the deforestation or the burning of fossil fuels is the main cause of global warming. Global warming is caused by the emissions of large amounts of greenhouse gases produced by these activities.

Due to the balance of the major kinds of greenhouse gases, the natural greenhouse effect exists. In the air, if high levels of these gases get accumulated, more heat gets trapped and this leads to the increment of greenhouse effect.

greenhouse gas emissions

The Emissions of Greenhouse Gases and the Increased Greenhouse Effect

  • The majority of emissions of the man-made carbon dioxide is from the burning of fossil fuels like oil and coal so that the human beings can power numerous machinery and vehicles and generate electricity. The other significant sources come from industry and land-use changes.
  • Due to the landfills, rice farming and livestock and during the production and usage of fossil fuels, the methane is created by humans.
  • Due to the livestock manure management, fossil fuel combustion and due to the usage of synthetic fertilizers for agriculture, the Nitrous oxide emissions are caused.
  • The Flourinated gases are mainly utilized in manufacturing applications, cooling and refrigeration.


  • Deforestation is when humans clear or remove huge areas of forest lands and the ecosystems that are related for the non-forest uses. These include the urban uses, ranching and the farming purposes. The trees are never re-planted in these cases.
  • As far as the emissions of greenhouse gases are concerned, converting forests into trees has some serious impacts.
  • Even today, people are cutting down trees to clear the land for agricultural purposes. This will have a double impact on the atmosphere both reducing the number of trees that take the carbon dioxide and provide us oxygen and simultaneously emitting the carbon dioxide into the air.
  • After the forest land is cleared, the enhanced rates of decomposition and soil disturbance create the carbon dioxide emissions. This also enhances the soil erosion.

Effects of Global Warming

In this section of essay on global warming, we will learn about the significant impacts of global warming. The physical environment as well as the climate of the Earth is being damaged by global warming.  In the Arctic where the sea ice, permafrost and glaciers are melting rapidly, the high effects of global warming are visible. The significant effects of global warming are

  • Desertification
  • Increased melting of snow and ice
  • Sea level rise
  • Stronger cyclones and hurricanes


  • Around the world, the increasing temperatures are making the semi-arid and arid areas more drier than before.
  • The current research is stating that the shifting of rainfall patterns and changing of water cycle are making the dry areas even drier.
  • This is turning the dry areas in which 2.5 million people are living into deserts. This process is known as desertification.
Melting of Snow Ice Glacier

Increased melting of snow and ice

  • When compared with the past, the ice and snow is melting at a much faster pace around the world.
  • This scenario is observed in Africa and Alaska, Rockies, Andes, Himalayas and the Alps. More than a million square miles of sea ice has disappeared during the past 30 years.
  • This area is equivalent to the size of Sweden, Denmark and Norway combined. Since 2010, the rate of melting of Antarctic has been doubled.

Sea level rise

  • Since 1880, the sea level of the Earth has risen by 8 inches (21 cms).
  • The rate of rise that is observed today has not been witnessed for about 5000 years.
  • The global warming is the reason for this and it has affected the oceans in 2 ways: the amount of water in the oceans is increased by the accelerated melting of glaciers and ice and the ocean waters get expanded by the warmer average temperatures.

Stronger cyclones and hurricanes

  • Since the early 1970s, the Tropical cyclone activity has witnessed a clear upswing. This matches directly with an observed increase in the temperature of the oceans over the same period of time interestingly.
  • The Power Dissipation Index that measures the tropical cyclones’ destructive power has doubled in the Atlantic and increased by 35% in the Pacific.
  • The global frequency of category 5 and 4 storms increases by 31% for every 1 degree C rise in the sea surface temperature.

Ways to Eliminate Global Warming

This section of essay on global warming deals with the preventive measures for global warming. To reduce global warming, human beings can do several things as stated below.

  • Reduce the Usage of Fossil Fuel
  • Plant Trees
  • Reduce Waste
  • Conserve Water

Reduce the Usage of Fossil Fuel

There are 2 ways to reduce the usage of fossil fuel:

  • use of sources of non-polluting energy like wind and solar power
  • use less energy

This gets translated to saving power at homes and reducing the usage of gasoline.

Plant Trees

Plant Trees

In the earlier sections of this essay on global warming, I have explained the effects of cutting down the trees. As plants take in carbon dioxide and emit oxygen, we should plant trees as many as we could. Everyone must take responsibility and plant at least a single tree in the backyard of their homes.

Reduce Waste

The garbage production continues to increase global warming indirectly or directly. In landfills, the decomposing waste produces methane and various other greenhouse gases. Decreasing your patterns of consumption and reusing items whenever there is a possibility decreases your carbon footprint. Recycling the items lowers the emissions of greenhouse gases.

Conserve Water

When purifying and distributing water, the cities consume notable amount of energy. This contributes to greenhouse gas emissions. We must save water in order to reduce the amount of energy that is utilized. Saving the water at our homes, capturing the rainwater, planting trees that require less water are some of the measures we must follow to reduce global warming.

This essay on global warming describes the global warming, its causes, effects and preventive measures. We must contribute ourself in reducing the global warming as it has serious effects on human and animal life.

Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam


Essay On APJ Abdul Kalam, as we all know was one of the most prominent and inspiring Indian personality to whom the youth looks up as an iconic figure. He was one of the most prestigious scientists in India and became president number 11 of the nation 2002-2007. He was famously known as the Missile Man for his remarkable contribution towards nation’s civilian space program and development of military missile. His role towards the nuclear test of India’s Pokhran-II in the year 1998 was significant and thus earned him a gamut of praises and respect. He was an active member of the alumni group of MIT.  

APJ Abdul Kalam took the first step of his career in the role of a scientist in the category Aeronautical, DRDO. Later he was shifted to the ISRO with the responsibility of tackling a project and becoming the director of that project called the India’s very first Satellite Launch Vehicle. Kalam again went back to DRDO and got involved with India’s space program.

Before becoming a president in the year 2002, he worked as an advisor to Prime Minister in 1990. He was a strong candidate for numerous awards and has received the same, which included Bharat Ratna award one of the highest civilian honors for this amazing contribution towards nation’s nuclear and space program.

Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam in English

His Early Life

APJ Abdul Kalam was born on October the 15th, 1931 in Muslim family settled at Rameswaram back then in Madras Presidency, and now located in Tamil Nadu. He was born in a family where his father named Jainulabudeen owned boats and his mother was a home maker. In total, they were 5 siblings, Kalam being the youngest. When Kalam was born, his family was poverty stricken even the ancestral records reveal that their fore fathers were quite wealthy. Due to financial tension, APJ Abdul Kalam as a young boy use to sell newspapers. His schooling was completed from Schwartz Higher Secondary School, after which he went to Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, and in 1954 completed his graduation in science. After his graduation, he went on to fulfill his childhood dreams and took admission in the Madras Institute of Technology to study aerospace engineering. During these days, Kalam however had the aspiration for becoming a pilot of fighter plane. This was long before he has actually his real dreams.

APJ Abdul Kalam

His Career Path

As mentioned in the first paragraph, APJ Abdul Kalam had started his career at DRDO as a scientist in 1958, after getting his degree from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1957. Before this, during early 1960’s he used work under a famous space scientist Vikram Sarabhai in association with INCOSPAR. He had designed a hovercraft at the DRDO. He then visited in some of the most renowned places like Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland; NASA’s Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia; and Wallops Flight Facility in 1963-64. All these visits inspired him to work independently towards a project known as expandable rocket project at DRDO in the year 1965. After his transfer at ISRO, he served as the director of the project SLV-III which is considered as India’s first indigenously created and manufactured satellite launch vehicle.

His started the execution of his plan to develop the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) began in the year 1970 which finally became a successful project and was launched on 20th September 1993. In 1980s Kalam got down with a very important project, IGMDP, an Indian Ministry of Defence programme that was being executed with the help of DRDO in association with other organisations of the Government body. APJ Abdul Kalam was requested to take hold of the project which finally led him to come back at DRDO and finally successfully executed the project. This project had earned a huge support of the political parties and thus gave rise to four more projects namely, low-level surface-to-air missile. Thus he earned the nick name ‘The Missile Man’.

There were series of successful project that was executed by him. He took active part in putting forward several suggestions. The suggestions included a lookout for empowerment of nuclear, innovative ideas for technological development, and ideas about progress in productivity in the agricultural sector for achieving the goal. Finally in the year 2002, APJ Abdul Kalam was nominated for the post of President of India by National Democratic Alliance (NDA) which was backed by both the Nationalist Congress Party and Samajwadi Party. Thus, he won the maximum vote in the elections and secured the position successfully. APJ Abdul Kalam took over the office of President with the tag of becoming the 11th President of India on 25 July 2002, thereby becoming the first ever bachelor and a scientist to make a place Rashtrapati Bhawan. He has also won a gamut of prestigious awards which marks him as the most prominent figure in India.

APJ Abdul Kalam Books

APJ Abdul Kalam Books

Wings of Fire: An Autobiography: APJ Abdul Kalam With Arun Tiwari

2020 – A Vision for the New Millenium:  APJ Abdul Kalam With YS Rajan

Envisioning an Empowered Nation: Technology for Societal Transformation: APJ Abdul Kalam With A Sivathanu Pillai

Ignited Minds: Unleashing The Power Within India: APJ Abdul Kalam

My Journey: APJ Abdul Kalam

Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology: R Narasimha and APJ Abdul Kalam

The Luminous Sparks: A biography in verse and colours: APJ Abdul Kalam

Mission India: A Vision for Indian Youth: APJ Abdul Kalam with YS Rajan

Children Ask Kalam: Children and APJ Abdul Kalam

Guiding Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of life: APJ Abdul Kalam with Arun K Tiwari

Inspiring Thoughts: by APJ Abdul Kalam

APJ Abdul Kalam Quotes

APJ Abdul Kalam Quotes

  • Excellence is a continuous process and not an accident.
  • End is not the end, if fact E.N.D. means “Effort Never Dies”
  • It is very easy to defeat someone, but it is very hard to win someone.
  • For me, there are two types of people: the young and the experienced.
  • Dream, Dream Dream, Dreams transform into thoughts. And thoughts result in action.

Essay on Importance of Education


Importance of Education

Education and Its Importance

The importance of Education is immeasurable, boundless and limitless. Education is a necessary costume that each and every human being must be dressed with, especially to stay connected with today’s high-paced digital world. Education plays a vital role in everybody’s life, it changes the mindset of a person, it provides a medium of acquiring knowledge, skill, discipline, independent thinking and how to behave when mingled with the society.

Education is the movement from Light

Allan Bloom’s quote on education:  “Education is the movement from darkness to light.”

Essay on Importance of Education for Children:

Each and every parent desires to provide the best education to their child or kids. As we know that roots of a tree gives a lot of strength to it to withstand till the last breath of the tree. Similarly, school education lays a strong foundation for any child’s future. Every parent dreams about their child to attain a respectable position in the society such as a Doctor, Engineer, Lawyer, Scientist, Bureaucrats etc. It is the duty and responsibility of the parents to induce the importance of education to their children regularly and make them know the benefits of acquiring the education at all stages of school life like pre-primary, primary, secondary and higher education.

Therefore, children should pay full attention to the academics during school education as they will decide the next pathway to college life in the adult stage.

Importance of Education for Children

Importance of Education for Children:

This is a crucial stage wherein the school going kid turns out to be an energetic teenager or adolescent. Generally, This is the stage where a school pass out a student must be careful and keen on selecting the area of the subject.

After school education, the next stage would be intermediate education which allows the student to choose specific groups such as M.P.C(Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry), B.P.C(Biology, Physics and Chemistry), M.E.C(Mathematics, Economics and Commerce), C.E.C(Civics, Economics and Commerce), H.E.C(History, Economics and Chemistry) etc are the common groups that can be seen in India. In addition, there are some more groups with a combination of different subjects based on the states. And thereafter, a student picks graduation, post graduation or a Ph.D. based on the financial strength and area of interest.

The education system is somewhat different in foreign countries when compared to Indian education system. However, a student at this stage must be very careful as there are chances to get fascinated by many attractive things that divert the concentration of intermediate education. Hence the importance of education during this period is critical and parents must keep an eye on their son/daughter and see that they are on the right track of education.

Pluto Direction Of Education

Pluto’s quote on education:“The direction in which education starts a man will determine his future in life.”

Importance of Education Speech

The importance of education in our life must be always on top priority. Education in this context is Learning, learning is a never-ending process. Knowingly or unknowingly, each and every person is a learner at all stages of his or her life. Society gives more respect to an educated person than to an uneducated rich person. With education, one can learn many things in the world and teach many things to the world as well.  Education enriches a person in many ways such as:

  • Change the Society

It is believed and also proved that an educated person can only bring a positive change in the society. Since ages, it is being heard that home is the first school for a kid and mother is the first teacher and father the second, and the next priority and importance is given to a teacher or guru who molds a student by imparting all the knowledge he/she is built-in with. So a Teacher being certified with high-degree of education can transform a student with no idea of education to a master or pro. Only a teacher has that capacity to nurture hundreds and thousands of students and enlighten them in the world of education.

  • Independent Thinking

An educated person’s maturity level will be broad when compared to an uneducated person. A literate or an educated fellow can face problems and sort out them with a rational thinking, he or she will a capability to solve the critical situations without depending on anyone. A person with independent thinking nature can live without any fear in any part of the world.

  • Lifestyle

One can have a different lifestyle when compared to an illiterate or a person with no education. People surrounding you can discover you when you interact with them, what type of a person you are such as broad or narrow-minded, matured or immature etc. and some people can make out few traits of your from the dress you wear because to some people, dress means a lot.

  • Importance of Values

The more educated you are, the more informed you become. Hence, you can judge what is right and what is wrong in the society. You will be knowing the importance of life and values such as relations, friendship, respect towards elders, giving a helping hand to needy ones, hospitality etc.

  • World Exposure

With education, one can travel to any extent in this world with no geographical limitations. When you’re well-equipped with the degrees of education, you will be confident enough to face any critical situations while traveling places. Simultaneously you will get world exposure by meeting different people, visiting different places and understanding the mindset of a variety of people.

Child Labour Essay – Causes, Effects and Solution


Child Labour Essay, of children in any work that deprives them of their childhood, impedes their ability to have a proper schooling and that is morally, socially, physically or mentally harmful and dangerous. Many international organisations consider this practice as exploitative. The Legislation prohibits child labour around the world.

This child labour essay depicts the causes, effects and solution for the child labour prevention.

Child Labour Essay Intro

Every work that children do is not considered as child labour. Certain works like some kinds of child work that is prevalent among the indigenous American children, some categories of work like those by the Amish children, supervised training, family duties, work by the child artists and others.

Child labour is still prevalent in the developing countries with poor schooling opportunities and high poverty.

The highest child labour incidence rates are found in Sub-Saharan Africa with several nations of the African continent with over fifty percent of children in the age group of 5-14 years working. The biggest employer of child labour is the worldwide agriculture.

In the informal urban economy and the rural settings, a high majority of child labour in India is witnessed.

The primary causes of child labour are the lack of schools and poverty. Between 1960 and 2003, the incidence of child labour reduced from 25% to 10% according to the World Bank. However, the number of child labourers remain high around the world. The ILO and UNICEF have estimated that 168 million children in the age group of were engaged in child labour in the year 2013.

Child Labour

Child Labour Essay – Causes of Child Labour

In this section of child labour essay, we will learn about the causes of child labour. The elements that are responsible for the child labour in India include the

  • Illiteracy and Poverty of the parents of the child.
  • The cultural values of the surrounding society and the family as well.
  • High rates of under-employment and adult unemployment.
  • Lack of Skills training
  • Lack of access to meaningful and basic quality education.
  • Lack of awareness about the child labour’s harmful effects.
  • The economic and social circumstances of the family.

Due to a family indebtedness, the children are forced to labour very often. The children who are at a risk of dropping out and the Out of school children (OOSC) are drawn into work very easily and are highly vulnerable to exploitation. The girls, especially from the socially disadvantaged groups, will be at a higher risk of being bonded to labour.

The other causes for child labour are as follows

  • The lack of livelihood options and poverty force the children to contribute to the income of the family.
  • Due to family indebtedness, natural disasters like droughts and conflicts.
  • The urban migration and rural poverty expose the children to being trafficked for work.
Stop Child Labour

Child Labour Essay – Effects of Child Labour

In this section of child labour essay, we will learn about the effects of child labour.

  • In terms of economic welfare, the presence of numerous child labourers is considered as a serious issue.
  • The children engaged in child labour in India are deprived of necessary education. These children do not get the opportunity to develop psychologically, emotionally, intellectually and physically.
  • The children are not ready for long hours of monotonous work considering their physical condition. When compared with adults, they become more exhausted very quickly.
  • In some situations, the working conditions are highly hazardous.
  • Children who are engaged fully in work without going to school will remain as illiterates. This limits their ability to contribute to their own well-being and also the community in which they live.
  • For any nation, there will be long term adverse effects due to child labour.

Child Labour Essay – Challenges to Ending Child Labour

In this section of child labour essay, we will learn about the challenges to ending child labour.

  • Child Labour is not uniform and it takes various forms depending on the sex and age of the child, whether they work with families or work independently and the kind of work that the they are made to do.
  • There is no single strategy that can eliminate child labour in India due to the complex nature of child labour.
  • Combatting the child labour needs a co-ordinated action for a longer period of time which engages the government and various stakeholders. This incorporates the employers, trade unions, community-based organizations, NGOs, mass media and educational institutions.
  • It is extremely important that the mindsets and attitudes of the people are changed in allowing the children to go to school and employing adults instead of children. Children should get the chance to socialize, play and learn.
  • Education is the highly successful method for eliminating the child labour. This incorporates utilising the existing systems to make sure child workers return to school, providing relevant vocational training, addressing violence in schools, enhancing the relevance and quality of education and widening the education access to schooling.
  • The key international laws that deal with the essay on child labour include the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 (CRC) and the International Labour Organization (ILO).



UNICEF is employing many strategies to eliminate the child labour across the globe. Some of them are stated below.

  • Reforming the existing legislation.
  • The mobilization of communities and families and raising of awareness against the exploitation of children.
  • Strengthening the child protection systems, which include the  implementation of Juvenile Justice Act and Integrated Child Protection Scheme.
  • Working towards convergence between the departments of the government to rehabilitate the existing child labourers and eliminate child labour.


  • Almost every nation in the world have made laws aimed at and relating to eliminating child labour.
  • Most of the nations have signed on and ratified the international law which was set with the help of International Labour Organisation(ILO).
  • The term child labour essay can be misleading sometimes when it confuses hazardous work with the employment that may be useful to children.
  • If the quality or the curricula of the school do not provide the children with right skills for the jobs that are available or if children do not have the aptitude for schoolwork, school may hamper the learning of skills, like agriculture, which will become obligatory for the future livelihood.

Digital India Essay – Short Essay


Digital India Essay, Recently a campaign was launched by the Government of India, Digital India that guarantees that all the Government services are available to the citizens of India electronically.

A remarkable progress has been witnessed in the online platform and the technological grounds so that the country is digitally empowered through internet connectivity. This initiative was launched on 1st of July in 2015 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The Digital India scheme aims to connect all the rural areas of the country with prompt internet connections. There are three core cogs that build up the Digital Marketing. They are:

  •    The creation of digital infrastructure
  •    Delivery of services digitally
  •    Digital literacy

According to the Indian Government, the Digital India Programme would help them create jobs for about 18 lakhs people and will bring an investment of approximately Rs. 4.5 lack crore. Through this two-way platform program, the government will monitor the benefits for both the service providers and the customers. The Digital India Advisory board manages and supervises the scheme and is lead by profound IT and India’s Ministry of Communications.

Digital India logo

Key Visions of Digital India Essay in English

  • Digital Infrastructure as a Utility to Every Citizen

Digital India aims that the availability of high-speed internet will deliver better services to the citizens. The digital identification of every citizen will be unique and will be authentic as long as they live. The Digital India has made mobile bank accounting easy, which has increased the participation of the mass in this initiative. It is now easier to access the Digital India scheme as a Common Service Centre has been provided on a public cloud, where one can share the private information. The cloud is safe and secure from any cyber-crime.

  • Governance & Services on Demand

This scheme has impeccably incorporated services across departments or jurisdictions in the country. The availability of services in real time has increased from both the online and mobile platforms.  Digital India has made it possible that all the prerogatives of the citizen are portable and available on the public cloud that has been created. The Digitally transformed services are also beneficial for improving the ease of business. Digital platform has made the financial transactions for electric and other services cashless. This has also supported the Geospatial Information Systems (GIS) for making better decision support system and development.

  • Digital Empowerment of Citizens

Digitally transformed India is supposed to be more literate. The resources of Digital India are globally accessible. The availability of the digital services and resources are present in several Indian languages. To aid in proper governance, Digital India has no alternative. The citizens no longer have to submit any documents or certificates physically; they can do it easily through online, using their internet connections.

Objectives of Digital India Essay

The Indian Government through the Digital India scheme is looking forward to bring massive revolutions in the country. They are looking for the overall benefit of the Indian citizen so that even the rural people face no difficulties in enjoying their rights. Listed below are the objectives that according to the government will function soon:

  • According to the Government of India in all 2.5 lakh gram panchayats, this scheme would lay national optical fiber network. The government intends to provide nationwide information Infrastructure through the Digital India Platform by early 2017.
  • Through e-Governance with payment gateway, UIDAI, EDI and mobile platforms, Digital India project aims to augment the processes and delivery of different government services. It also proposes to deliver the school certificates, voter ID cards, and other important certificates and documents online.
  • Digital India also aims to provide internet services to approximately 2.5 lakh villages by the end of March 2017 and about 1.5 lakh post offices within the next two years.
  • The Digital India program also aims to provide electronic services to people. They have launched a service called e-Kranti service that will provide services associated with education, health, farmers, security, justice and financial dealings.
  • Indian Government aspires to augment network penetration and mobile connectivity in all villages by 2018 through the Digital India scheme.
  • The Indian Government is now focusing on zero imports of electronics by setting up medical and consumer electronics, micro ATMs, mobile and smart energy meters as a part of the drive.
  • In all the universities, the Digital India initiative has encouraged developing Wi-Fi facilities across the country for the benefits of the students. According to the Digital India program, e-mail would be made the main mode of communication between the teachers and students and the other staffs.
  • The Indian Government is hosting data online in order to make all information easily accessible to every citizen of the country.
  • The most important initiative of Digital India is establishing BPO sectors in the North-Eastern States. According to the Government of India by 2020 around 1 crore students from villages and small towns would be trained suitable for the IT sectors.

Bhaskaracharya – The Great Indian Astronomer and Mathematician


Bhaskaracharya – The Great Indian Astronomer and Mathematician. Since the childhood, we have been told that the period between 500 and 1200 A.D. is the Golden Age of Indian Astronomy. During this golden period, many Indian wizards were born who contributed greatly to the conception of Science and Mathematics. One such greatest mathematician of medieval India is Bhaskaracharya, whose contribution to Astronomy and Mathematics in the 12th century was unparalleled and significant.

Bhaskaracharya Biography

Bhaskaracharya India

                                                   Bhaskaracharya, the renowned Mathematician

Bhaskaracharya Early Life

Bhaskaracharya (1114–1185), otherwise known as Bhaskara II was born in Bijapur in Karnataka into the Brahmin family. His father, Mahesvara, was a well-known scholar. At his feet, Bhaskaracharya acquired the interest in Mathematics. After going through the works of the popular mathematician, Brahmagupta, Bhaskaracharya was very much inspired that he decided to dedicate his remaining life to mathematics. He achieved proficiency in 5 books of Bharat Shastras, 8 books of Grammar, 5 books of Mathematics, 6 texts of Medicine, 2 Mimansas, 4 Vedas and 6 books on Yoga. The innovations and researches made by him were not achieved in Europe, till the later period of time.

Works done by Bhaskaracharya

The textbooks written by Bhaskaracharya followed a simple and easy to understand methodology so as to stimulate student’s interests. These books gained a huge popularity that, even after four or five centuries of its inception, it was translated into Persian.

  1. The Siddhanta Shiromani scripted in two parts, (the first on mathematical astronomy), (the second part on the sphere);
  2. Lilavati, (on Mathematics);
  3. Bijaganita, (on Algebra);
  4. The Vasanabhasya of Mitaksha (commentary on the Siddhanta Shiromani);
  5. Karana-kutuhala (Calculations of Astronomical Wonders);
  6. Vivarana (commentary on the Shishyadhividdhidatantra).

However, among these six works, the first three lay more focus on mathematics. It’s translation in several languages of the world bear testimony to its eminence.

Siddhanta Shiromani Bhaskaracharya 

The “Crown of treatises,” (Siddhanta Shiromani) includes work in arithmetic, algebra, mathematics of the planets, and spheres. This work contains about 1450 verses. Bhaskara’s astronomical findings on positions of planets, instance of eclipses and cosmography, were composed in this treatise much before the world could even notice these findings. This book is considered as the pinnacle of all the astronomical works done for 700 years. It can be aptly called the “essence of ancient Indian Astronomy and Mathematics.

Siddhanta Shirmoani was split into four parts:  

  • Lilavati [Quadratic and Intermediate Equation] (278 Verses)
  • Bijaganita [Algebraic Calculation] (213 Verses)
  • Grahaganita [Astronomical Calculations] (451 Verses)
  • Goladhyaya [Trigonometry] (501 Verses)

Each part is so huge that they can be individually considered as a separate book. This book has literally surpassed all the ancient books present on astronomy and is enough to provide the complete knowledge of Ancient Indian Astronomy.

Bhaskaracharya Lilavati

Lilawati provides a clear example of Bhaskara’s expertise in putting a tough subject like mathematics into poetic language. This work has been translated into several languages throughout the world. Nearly for about 700 years, all the concepts of mathematics were taught from this textbook. It is the first and last book to enjoy such a long lifespan.

Bhaskaracharya Lilavati problem

                                                                Work of Lilavati by Bhaskaracharya

Bhaskaracharya Bijaganita

Bijaganita encompasses 12 chapters and covers topics like numbers, Zero, Surds, the kuttaka, Indeterminate quadratic equation with more than one unknown, Quadratic equation with more than one unknown, functions with products of several unknown.

Bhaskaracharya Karanakutuhala

“Karanakutuhala,” was the second book written by Bhaskara at the age of 69. This book puts key-focus on several astronomical calculations. This scripture remains as a reference book, even today in making the calendars.

Bhaskaracharya Contributions in the field of Mathematics

Bhaskaracharya’s innumerable contribution had earned him an outstanding position among the ancient Hindu mathematicians. His significant contributions towards the mathematical world continue to leave a tremendous impact in the numerical field even today.


Bhaskaracharya Pythagorean theorem

Some of several contributions to mathematics include:

  • A proof of the Pythagorean theorem just in two lines.
  • Arrived at the answers of quadratic and cubic indeterminate equations.
  • Primary concept of mathematical analysis, infinitesimal calculus, along with defined contributions within integral calculus.
  • Exhibited major work on differential calculus, after uncovering the derivative and differential coefficient.
  • Articulated Rolle’s theorem and the mean value theorem.
  • Developed spherical trigonometry and arrived at trigonometrical results.
  • Provided simple solutions to find the squares, cube, square roots, and cube roots of large numbers.
  • Suggested solutions for several problems on permutations and combinations.
  • Calculated an exact value of PI as 22/7 and more approximate value as 3.1416.

                                                         Sulbasutras of the Pythagorean Theorem

Bhaskaracharya Contributions in the field of Astronomy

Ganitadhyaya and Goladhyaya of Siddhanta Shiromani are completely devoted to astronomy phrasing about 1000 verses. Every little thing of astronomy has been prescribed within these two books. Some of worth mentioning highlights are:

  • Bhaskaracharya was the first to discover gravity, 500 years before Sir Isaac Newton.
  • He proposed the concept of Tatkalikagati, instantaneous motion which enables astronomers to approximately measure planetary movements.
  • Studied Astronomy based on the heliocentric solar system of gravitation.
  • One such contribution is made the appropriate calculation of the time taken by the Earth to orbit the Sun, as 365.2588 days which is fine representation to modern accepted measurement.
  • He also proved that when a planet is at the farthest, or at its closest to earth, the equation of the center vanishes.
  • The Earth is spherical and it exhibits a power of attraction.
  • The north and south poles of the Earth undergo 6 months of day and 6 months of night.
  • There is a vacuum beyond the Earth’s atmosphere.
  • Accurately calculated orbital periods of the Sun and that of Mercury, Venus, and Mars.

Bhaskaracharya Mathematician

Bhaskaracharya Calculation

Bhaskaracharya Legacy

Many scholars believe that Bhaskara’s work showed its impact in later developments of the Middle East and Europe. His work was already known to Islamic mathematicians who got inspired by his writing style. However, even though Europe got to know it by the end of the twelth century, it took a lot of time to introduce them into the texts. (1960).

Bhaskaracharya Final Days

Bhaskara was a natural born teacher and mathematician. He was married and blessed with two children. He handed over his complete knowledge on studies to his son, Loksamudra. Bhaskara was appointed as the head of the astronomical observatory at Ujjain, the leading Mathematical center in India at that time. Years later, in 1207, Loksamudra set up a school for the study of Bhaskara’s writings. It is believed that Bhaskara’s book ‘Lilavati’ was named after his daughter. Bhaskaracharya passed away at Ujjain in 1185 C.E.

Great Mathematician Bhaskaracharya

Statue of Bhaskaracharya at Patnadevi

Bhaskaracharya Works on Algebra Arithmetic And Geometry

Bhaskaracharya’s works on Algebra, Arithmetic, and Geometry propelled him to fame and immortality. In recognition of his invaluable contributions to mathematics and astronomy, he has been called the greatest mathematician of medieval India. He was bestowed an apt title by Ganesh Daivadnya for his genius work in Astronomy and Mathematics calling Bhaskaracharya “Ganakachakra chudamani” which means “a Gem among all the calculators of astronomical phenomena.”

His works inspired many of the Persian and European scholars, who through research on his works attained reputation. By now, everyone accepts the fact that after Bhaskaracharya, nobody could write excellent books on mathematics and astronomy in a lucid language in India.

Basara Temple – The Abode of Devi Saraswati


Basara Temple

Since time innumerable, India and Hinduism have always been connected by a special string. Especially the South Indian region carries the ancient culture of India to the core. From Karnataka to Kerala, every state is crowded with unique temples and their ancient whisperings. However, amongst all these states, we should not forget to mention the ‘Land of Temples’ or Telangana. The newly formed state, Telangana, is a home of thousand of temples and The Basara Temple of Devi Saraswati is one of the famous temples, not only in Telangana, in India too. A very few temples have been named after our, Goddess of knowledge and learning, Devi Saraswati. The Basara Temple of Telangana is one of the two most famous temples of Devi Saraswati, the other being situated in the State of Jammu and Kashmir. How well do you know about the temple of knowledge and learning? Let’s judge your knowledge here! Have a look.

Basara Temple – Ancient Shrine of the Goddess of Wisdom

Telangana is home to several historic temples, of great archaeological significance and one such historic shrine is that of Saraswathi temple in Basara. According to legend, Sage Vyasa consecrated the images of Saraswati, Lakshmi and Kali while collecting the sand from the river Godavari, following rigorous penance. The presence of the three idols represents divine trinity, which is very much revered by Hindus. Gnana Saraswati Temple or Basara Temple is one of the famous temples of Telangana, situated by the river of Godavari, Basar, Adilabad. Basar is a census town in the Nirmal district of Telangana. Basar is around 210 km away from Hyderabad, so anyone can easily travel from Hyderabad to Basar via bus or train.

Basara Saraswati

History of Basara Temple

Basara Temple is one of the unique temples of India, and thus a unique mythological and historical fact is attached to it. In India, we can find many temples dedicated to Vishnu and Shiv, but Brahma’s temple is a rare find in here, so is Brahma’s wife’s, Saraswati. But the ‘Land of Temples’ or Telangana has the Basara Temple dedicated to Devi Saraswati, and the origin story of this temple has two faces. From the aspect of Myths and local legends, it is said that this temple has been mentioned in our great Epic Mahabharata. According to Mahabharata, after the scourge of the horrifying war, Kurukshetra, sage Vyasa, sage Vishwamitra and their disciples decided to settle down in a calm and serene place. In search of tranquility, they came to Dandaka forest. Being pleased by the serenity of the place, they selected this place as their peaceful adobe for prayers. There was one cave in this region named ‘Kumarachala’ where sage Vyasa used to sit for penance by praying to Goddess Saraswati. It is believed that during the time of prayer, one-day sage Vyasa got ‘darshan’ and the blessings of Goddess Saraswati, where the Goddess ordered the sage to bring three fistfuls of sand from the River Godavari after holy bath and place that heaps of sand in three division in the cave. Afterwards, these three piles of sands became deities of Maha Kali, Maha Saraswati and Maha Laxmi by the power of sage Vyasa. After the name of sage Vyasa, this place became Vyasara which turned into ‘Basara’ under the influence of the Marathi language.

However, history says something else. According to concrete historical facts, the Gnana Saraswati Temple of Basara was built by the King Bijiyaludu by the time of 11th century. However, during 12th to 18th century, this temple was being targeted by the Muslim invaders. At that time, one young man named Sri Makaji Patel protected this temple from the attacks of Muslim invaders and Nawabs with the help of Ravindrapuram, Mahathpuram and Vyasapuram. Apart from this temple, other two temples were also built on the meeting point of River Majira and Godavari.

Gnana Saraswathi Temple inside view

Saraswati Temple

Apart from a fascinating history and myth, the Basara Temple holds lots of importance in the lives of every Hindu. Along with festivals, many special religious acts are also being done in this temple. Let us have a look.

Religious Acts


Goddess Saraswati is known to be the symbol of Knowledge and skill. For this purpose, lots of people from the different region come to this place to perform the sacred religious act named Aksharabhyasam. This act is performed when a child is about to start his educational career.


It was mentioned in the Brahmanda Purana that, by getting a holy bath in the Koneru of this Saraswati Theertha, one can liberates his/her sins committed in their lifetime.


The members of Brahmin family observe Deeksha and Madhukaram in this Basara Temple. Deeksha can be kept for seven days, eleven days, twenty-one days, forty-one days or even more. It is believed that at the end of such Deeksha, Goddess Saraswati will appear in the dream of the devotee and will shower him with blessings.


  1. VYASA POURNIMA – As it is believed that the temple was established by sage Vyasa, Vyasa Purnima festival is celebrated every year on Ashada Purnima.
  2. DASARA NAVARATHRULU – On Dassera Navaratri, this festival is celebrated each year for nine days. Various Pujas and religious acts are being done in these nine days for the purpose of the festival.
  3. MAHA SHIVARATRI – On Magh Bahula Triyodoshi, Maha Shivaratri festival is celebrated each year in the month of February.
  4. VASANTHA PANCHAMI – Being a temple of Goddess Saraswati, the festival of Vasantha Panchami is celebrated each year on Magh Shukla. This festival embarks the advent of the season spring. On this day, the religious act of Aksharabhyasam is being done in this Basara Temple.

A rare finding on the land of Hinduism, Basara Temple holds indescribable importance in the lives of many people. From the times of Mahabharata to the modern times, the Gnana Saraswati Temple of Basara has gone through a lot, yet this beautiful, magical temple does not fail to inspire the lives of the people each and every day!