Parashurama Jayanti is celebrated as birth anniversary of sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. It falls during Shukla Paksha Tritiya in the month of Vaishakha. It is believed that Parashurama was born during Pradosh Kala and hence the day when Tritiya prevails during Pradosh Kala is considered for Parashurama Jayanti celebrations. The purpose of the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu is to relieve the Earth’s burden by exterminating the sinful, destructive and irreligious monarchs that pillaged its resources and neglected their duties as kings.
Devam naumi ramapathim ranapatum baswath kireedanchitham, Kodandam sasaram karena dadhtatham vamena chanyena cha, Aartha thrana patum kutaramasatham kandacchidam bhasuram, Smasru prasphurithananam surathanum ramam sada saswatham ||
According to Hindu belief unlike all other avatars Parashurama still lives on the Earth. Therefore, unlike Rama and Krishna, Parashurama is not worshipped. In South India, at the holy place Pajaka near Udupi, one major temple exists which commemorates Parashurama. There are many temples at the western coast of India which are dedicated to Lord Parashurama.
The Kalki Purana states that Parashurama will be the martial guru of Shri Kalki, the 10th and final Avatar of Lord Vishnu. It is not the first time that 6th Avatar of Lord Vishnu will meet another Avatar. According to Ramayana, Parashurama came to the betrothal ceremony of Sita and Lord Rama and met the 7th Avatar of Lord Vishnu.
The day of Parashurama Jayanti is a highly auspicious day and Akshaya Tritiya is observed on the day.
Parashu means axe and Parashurama – the axe wielding Rama. The sole aim of his incarnation was to get rid of the corrupt ruling class and restore Dharma on earth.
Parshuram was considered as the incarnation of Lord Vishnu and it is said that, he was the sixth one. Parshuram is considered and given a status of being god as he was the sixth incarnation of the Lord Vishnu. His life revolves around his great fighting skills and true devotion towards the god. On the other hand there are various stories that are related to Parshuram.
He was true devotee of his parents and used to accept every order of his parents. One very sad day, his father whose name was Jamadagni, got angry at his wife Renuka for some matter. In his anger mind, he lost his control over the sayings and he ordered Parshuram to kill his mother. Although Parshuram was in a state of utter confusion, but since he always considered the order of his parents above everything, he killed his mother. But somehow, Parshuram was able to get and bring back the life of his mother and that is how he proved to be true followers of his parents.
One another famous story is that, one day Parshuram was going to meet the lord Shiva. But already lord Shiva told his sons, karthikeyan and Lord Ganesha to see that no one disturbs him. As both of them were guarding the route, Parshuram appeared in front them. As he moved his step forward, he was stopped by the lord Ganesha and Lord Karthikeyan. Since Parshuram was not aware about these two, he got angry at them saying that, who they are to stop him from meeting Lord Shiva. After long quarrel, Parshuram was so angry that he drew his weapon and used on the Ganesha. Since Ganesha knew that, this weapon is given to Lord Parshuram by the Lord Shiva, he in order to keep respect and name of his father, let Parshuram attack him. In this attack, Ganesha got hit by Parshuram weapon on his teeth. Due to this, a small part of lord Ganesha tooth got broken.
The pain voice of lord Ganesha was heard by the goddesses Parvati and due to anger she was changed to Shakti. She then pledged to Kill Parshuram. But soon Lord Shiva came and they told Maa Shakti not to kill Parshuram as he considers Parshuram as one of his son. After seeing this all Parshuram asked for his forgiveness from the Maa Shakti and also apologies in front of the lord Ganesha.
One another story says that, His father and Kama Dhenu cow was killed by the king Kartavirya Sahashrarjun who was a Kshatriya. So from that day, Parshuram pleaded to kill every kshatriya. As this created terror among kshatriyas, Kashyap Muni intervened and told Parshuram to stop his anger and told him to leave this world.
Lord Parshuram has always been worshipped by people for his great valor and fighting skills.
Bilwa Ashtakam, also spelled Bilwashtakam, Vilvashtakam, or Bilvashtakam, is the asthakam (ashtak) addressed to Lord Shiva. Bilwa Ashtakam is a highly powerful Sanskrit Shiva stotra which are the eight hymns chanted while offering Bilwa (Vilva) leaves to Lord Shiva. The Bilwa (Aegle Marmelos) leaves are one of the main offering to Lord Shiv and by offering Bilva leaves (Koovalam in Malayalam) a devotee can easily please Lord Shiva.
Bilvashtakam is in Sanskrit. It starts with bowing to God Ganesha. It is a very pious Shiva Stotra. God Shiva likes Bilva (tree) leaf. In this stotra, how Bilva leaf is pious and why it is offered to God Shiva when we worship (pooja) him, is described. While performing Pooja of God Shiva, it is said to be incomplete if we don’t offer Bilva Patra (Leaf).
Tridalam triguNaakaaram trinetram cha triyaayudham
trijanma paapasamhaaram eka Bilvam shivaarpaNam
I offer the bilva patra to Shiva. This leaf embodies the three qualities of sattva, rajas and tamas. This leaf is like the three eyes, and the sun, moon and fire. It is like three weapons. It is the destroyer of sins committed in three earlier births. I perform pooja for Shiva with the bilva patra.
The lower part of bilva is Brahma, the middle is Vishnu and the upper is Shiva himself. I perform pooja for Shiva with the bilva patra.
Bilva is a sacred tree and most loved by Lord ShivA. It is called “bael” in hindi and “vilvam” in tamil. Its fruit is also called “Sri phala”, meaning plenty.
The Bilva tree (Aegle Marmeolus), also called wood apple tree/stone apple tree grows in almost all parts of India, irrespective of the nature of the soil, and is bitter, astringent and dry by nature. Its leaves are used in the worship of Lord Shiva and Goddess Mahalakshmi. Bilva leaves are said to be the vegetal form of Lord Shiva.
A confluence of three leaves (trifoliate) is called “bilva dala”. It is a symbolic representation of Lord Shiva’s weapon Trident (trishool) which destroys the sins of past 3 births. There are also penta-foliate Bilva dalAs having 5 leaves known as panchadaLa patra found on some Bilva trees and we may find 7 or 11 leaves also.
Lighting a lamp under the tree bestows knowledge and enables the devotee to merge in Lord shiva.
Bel leaves are important as their trifoliate shape signifies Shiva’s three eyes as well as the three spokes of the lords Trishul. Since they have a cooling effect, they are offered to the Shivalinga to soothe this hot-tempered deity. Those who perform the puja of Shiva and Parvati devoutly, using the leaves, may be endowed with spiritual powers.Even a fallen bel is never used as firewood, for fear of arousing Shiva’s wrath. Its wood is used only in sacrificial fires.
Lord Shiva is worshiped by chanting sacred name “Eka Bilvam Shivarpanam”. Bilva leaves are generally trifoliate (three leaves attached together)
Bilva (Crataeva) tree is considered as one of the favorites trees of Lord Shiva. Hence, it is given a prominent place in the Lord Shiva’s temples. The prickles of this tree represents Sakthi (Mother Goddess), and the branches represent the Vedas and the roots are taken for Rudra, the Lord Himself. Each petal of bilva leaf is turned to three and they represent three gunas (features) each. The devotees of Lord Shiva take them to be the three eyes of their deity. Most devotees consider the bilva tree as a holy tree that can cure all sins of a lifetime.
In Shiva temples during the month of Shravan ,the priests chant Shiva Mantras and at the same time place Bel ( Bilva) leaves which are trifoliate or triple form on the Shiva Lingam. Bel Tree is a sacred tree having sacrificial importance .Its trifoliate leaf is symbolic of Trikaal or the Hindu Trinity of Devas namely Brahma Vishnu and Shiva .This tree is also called Wood apple and its botanical name is Aegle marmilos.
According to vedic scriptures the three leaves of a Bilva Dalam denotes:
Three eyes of Lord Shiva
Trimurthi Swaroopam – Brahma, Vishnu & Maheswara
Three syllables of Aumkara(Omkara) – Akara, Ukara & Makara
Pooja, Stotra and Gyana (It is believed that by offering a single bilva dalam, one can get rid of darkness caused due to agyanam /ignorance Bilva dalam represents Srusthi (Creation), Sthithi (Sustaining) and Laya (dissolution).
Bel leaves are considered the most sacred offerings in Shiva pooja. A worshipper should offer Trifoliate meaning Three leaves together called Bilva dalam.
One should not offer Bilva dalam with two or a single leaf. It is a sin to offer incomplete Bel -Patra.
In an Ekabilvam (A single trifoliate bel-patra), Left leaf is Brahma, Right leaf is Vishnu and the middle leaf is Shiva.
THE BILVASHAKTAM MANTRA IS CHANTED WHEN OFFERING BILVA LEAVES
The translation : Born from the heart of Goddess Lakshmi, the Bilva tree is ever dear to Mahadeva. So I ask this tree to offer one Bilva leaf to Lord Shiva. Even if one sees the Bilva tree, and touches it, he is surely freed from sin. The most terrible karma is destroyed when a Bilva leaf is offered to Lord Shiva.
How to select a good Bilva Patra?
While selecting Bilva leaves make sure the Chakra and the Bajra are not present on them. The Chakra is a white mark made by insects on the Bilva leaves, while the Bajra is the thick portion towards the stalk. The Bilva leaves used in pooja should be of 3 leaflets even if one of the leaves gets detached of three leaves then it is of no use.
The Bilva tree in the Shiva Purana
According to the Shiva Purana (7 AD) the Bilva tree is the manifest form of Lord Shiva himself, while all the great tirthas (pilgrimage places) are said to reside at its base. One who worships the shivalingam while sitting under the Bilva, claims this great epic, attains the state of Shiva. Washing the head by this tree is said to be the equivalent of bathing in all the sacred rivers. One who performs Bilva pooja with flowers and incense achieves Shiva loka, the abode of pure consciousness, and has happiness and prosperity bestowed upon them. The lighting of the deepak (lamp) before this tree bestows knowledge and enables the devotee to merge in Lord Shiva. The Shiva Purana also claims that if the devotee removes the new leaves from one of the branches of that tree and worships the tree with them, they will be freed from vice, while one who feeds a devotee under the Bilva will grow in virtue.
PURANIC LEGENDS CONNECTING BEL TREE AND FRUITS WITH LORD SHIVA
There is a legend(Brihaddharma Purana ) which talks about the origin of this tree. Lakshmi used to offer 1000 lotuses to Lord Shiva on every puja. Once, two lotuses went missing from those thousand ones. At the time of worship when Lakshmi became extremely worried, Lord Vishnu said that Lakshmi’s two breasts are as pious and auspicious as lotus and that she can offer those to Shiva. Then she cut off her breasts and offered them to Shiva. Shiva was pleased by her devotion and blessed her that, now onwards her breasts will be there on the Bilva tree as fruits.
The triangular leaves or 3 leaflets of the Bilva tree are offered to Shiva as they are very dear to him. Bilva tree is considered as the form of Shiva. It is also said that the worship of Shiva which is done without offering Bilva leaf is fruitless.
The Hunter and the Bilva tree
The Shiva Purana also relates the following story or myth. Once there was a cruel-hearted hunter by the name of Gurudruh who lived in the lonely forest. On the auspicious day of Maha Shivaratri he had to go out hunting because his family had nothing to eat. Maha Shivaratri (the great night of Shiva) is the most sacred time for fasts, prayers and offerings, when even the most involuntary acts, if pleasing to Lord Shiva, are made holy. By sunset Gurudruh had not been successful in the hunt. Coming to a lake, he climbed a tree and waited for some unsuspecting animal to come and drink. He did not notice that the tree he had climbed was the Bilva tree. Neither did he notice the shivalingam beneath it, nor the water pot hanging in the branch just above it.
After some time a gentle deer came to quench her thirst, and Gurudruh prepared to shoot. As he drew his bow, he accidentally knocked the water pot hanging in the tree and some water fell down on the shivalingam beneath, along with a few Bilva leaves. Thus, unknowingly and unwittingly, Gurudruh had worshipped Shiva in the first quarter of the night. As a result his heart was a little purified by this act performed on such an auspicious night. Meanwhile the deer, startled by the movement in the tree, looked up and saw the hunter about to release his arrow. “Please do not kill me just yet,” pleaded the deer. “I must first take care of my children, and then I will return to be food for your family.” The hunter, whose heart had been softened a little by the accidental worship, on noticing the beauty of the deer, let her go on condition that she would return on the morrow to give her body as food for his family.
Later that same night, the sister of the deer came looking for her. Once more the hunter took aim and once more, without his being aware, the water and the Bilva leaves fell down upon the shivalingam. Again, unknowingly, the hunter had worshipped Shiva in the second quarter of the night. The effect of this was that Gurudruh’s heart was further purified. His pranas softened a little more, and he allowed this animal to also go and tend to its young, provided it returned the next day to provide him and his family with food.
In the third quarter of the night, the mate of the first deer came in search of her, and again the strange worship took place as the hunter took aim for the third time. But the hunter’s heart was beginning to melt due to the worship, and he let the deer’s mate go also for the same reason and under the same conditions. Later when the three deer met together, they discussed who should go and offer themselves for the hunter’s food. Even the children offered to give their lives. Finally the whole family decided to surrender to the hunter together, for none of them could bear to live without the others. Thus they set off towards the lake with heavy hearts.
When they arrived at the Bilva tree, Gurudruh was very pleased and relieved to see them, and he immediately prepared for the kill. He took aim for the fourth time, but in the same accidental manner as before, worship in the fourth quarter of the night took place unknown to him. This final action of Gurudruh brought about a complete change of heart and, as he was about to release the first arrow, his heart overflowed with pity for the innocent deer. Tears filled his eyes at the thought of all the animals he had killed in the past, and slowly he lowered his bow. Greatly moved by the selfless action of these animals, he felt ashamed and allowed the whole family of deer to leave unharmed. Such is the purity and spiritual power of the Bilva tree that, even without his knowledge or conscious effort, the cruel-hearted hunter had been transformed into a man of compassion and understanding, and was delivered from his past bad karma by the grace of Shiva and the Bilva tree.
Hindus believe that the knowledge of medicinal plants is older than history (known) itself, that it was gifted hundreds of thousands of years ago to the Vedic Hindus by Lord Brahma, the divine creator himself. Thus when the Rishis of the Ayurveda sought to heal human suffering, they were able to draw on knowledge that had already been evolving for millennia in the forests of India. One tree about which they had a very deep knowledge was the Bilva tree. The science of Ayurveda values the Bilva highly for the medicinal properties contained in its root, fruit and leaves. According to Swami Sivananda, it is a healing tree which cures all diseases caused by vata (wind) and gives strength to the body.
More commonly known as the Bel Tree in India as well as other warm countries, this is a sacred tree having sacrificial importance and the first thing we can notice about the leaves is that they are generally trifoliate. This trifoliate leaf is symbolic of Trikaal or the Hindu Trinity of Devas known as Brahma Vishnu and Mahesh. The other names of this tree are Wood apple and its botanical name is Aegle marmilos. The Bilva leaf or Patra as it is known, represents the Trinetra or three eyes of Lord Shiva, the main aspects like Trishakti (volition, action and knowledge), the three Shiva lingams and the three syllables of AUM or Omkar and are most favourite of Lord Shiva. There are also five formed Bilva leaves known as PanchaDal patra found on some Bilva trees and these too are held as sacred for the worship of Lord Shiva. Bilva tree grows to a height of 8 meters with thorns. The leaves are alternate, ovate, trifoliate and aromatic. The tender leaves and shoots are consumed as salad greens. The flowers bloom in the month of May and will have a sweet fragrance.
It appears from all the Hindu texts and scriptures that the Bilva tree itself has been held very sacred and auspicious and is considered very holy since time immemorial thats its significance is mentioned in Mahapuranas in various forms of mantras. The Shiva Purana mentions a particular narration of how the usage of Bilva due to its scientific as well as medicinal properties is of great adavantage to Mankind. The 22nd Chapter of maha ShivaPurana narrates ” The trifoliate Bilva Patra is so sacred to Lord Shiva & is therefore a symbol of the Lord. Adored by all the Gods, its importance is difficult for anyone to comprehend. The sacred tree can only be known to a limited extent. Sacred sites of this Earth can only find their place at the root of this auspicious tree. Those who meditate upon Lord Mahadeva in His form of linga at the root of Bilva obtain Moksha & become purified souls by attaining Shiva. Such are the marvels of this sacred Bilva.”
Born from the heart of Goddess Lakshmi, the Bilva tree is ever dear to Mahadeva. So I ask this tree to offer one Bilva leaf to Lord Shiva. Even if (one) has darshan ( view) of the Bilva tree, and touches it, surely frees one from sin. The most terrible karma is destroyed when a Bilva leaf is offered to Lord Shiva.
It is also believed that Lakshmi, the Goddess of Wealth, also lives in the bel tree. Those who perform the puja of Shiva and Parvati devoutly, using the leaves, will be endowed with spiritual powers.
According to Hindu scriptures, the Bilva is Triguna which is connected to the three Gunas or components of natural characteristics of the tree. In Hindu philosophy, the three Gunas are Sattva, Rajas & Tamas with Sattva being the pure most while Tamas normally is to do with darkness & ignorance.
The Sattvic component is believed to be more centred within the bilva patra and therefore the high capacity to absorb and emit Sattvic frequencies. This has various effects on the environment as well as on anyone merelt touching the leaf. One of them is the reduction of Rajasic-Tamasic atoms present in the atmosphere & more importantly within the human body. A Sattvic leaf like bilva patra when brought in proximity of a person suffering from negative energies such as distress and anxiety is believed to medically reduce these energies within the human body. People with negative outlook towards life and their environment normally do not realise they have negative energies building up within their body and are at a risk of subconsciously harpering destructive thoughts also. Whenever such people come into contact with a Sattvic atmosphere, what they fail to realise is their negative energies try to fight the positivity of a Sattva predominant environment. This struggle can build up at various levels and can vary from the human mind thinking negatively and can result sudden bursts of anger to destruction of things around them.
The roots, skin, fruits and the leaves of the Bilva tree are used for medicinal purpose. Bilva has astringent, edema lessening, anti-diarrhea, laxative and appetizer properties hence, can be used to cure both internal and external diseases.
The sacred tree has many medicinal usages and is advantageous in curing many human ailments such as :
* bleeding gums.
* Bel fruit clears diarrhea, dysentry, phlegm, high blood pressure, morning sickness in pregnancy, stress.
* Asthma can be controlled when a mixture of dry bel leaf powder & honey is consumed daily
* Jaundice can be cured by consuming the extracted juice of the bilva leaves
* Anaemia can be cured by drinking the powder of the bel fruit mixed with milk
* Bel fruit keeps the skin rejuvenated when pasted into a facepack; also cures joint aches
About the Bilva tree
The Bilva tree grows in almost all parts of India, irrespective of the nature of the soil, and is bitter, astringent and dry by nature. Tall and austere, with a stern aspect, gnarled trunk and sharp thorns, the Bilva is undoubtedly Lord Shiva’s tree. Shiva is always worshipped with its leaves, and it is said that this tree is much loved by him. It is to be found in all Shiva temples throughout India. The Bilva is also found in Devi temples, where it is worshipped. At midnight, on the evening before Durga and Kali pooja (worship), a tantric ritual called Bel Varan is performed with the appropriate mantras. A particular energy is taken from the tree and placed in a kalash (pot). This energy is then transferred to the statue of Durga or Kali to charge or empower it for the coming pooja. The process is called prana pratishtha, the establishing of the life force in the statue. When the pooja is over, the energy is released, a process called visarjan.
The English name for Bilva is Bael, also called ‘stone apple’ as its rather large fruit is like pale yellow suns when ripe. The Hindi appellation is Bel or Bael Sripal. In Sanskrit it is also called Bilva or Sriphal. The botanical name for this tree is Aegle Marmelops, and it belongs to the Rutaceae family. In the Atharva Veda it is described as being so sacred that its wood may not be burned for fuel. It is still worshipped today as a totemic deity by the Santhal tribes in India.
The Birla Mandir in Hyderabad is dedicated to the supreme incarnation of Lord Vishnu in Kaliyug viz., Lord Venkateshwara. This temple’s marvellous beauty leaves you awestruck as does the legend associated with the God. A blend of various types of architectural styles, this temple is made of 200 tonnes of pure white Rajasthani marble. Built on a 280 ft high hill or the Naovadh Pahad and constructed with a skilful blend of South Indian, Utkala and Rajasthani architecture, this temple took 10 years to get completed. It is located in the center of the city.The temple was constructed by Birla Foundation, hence the name Birla Mandir. They have also constructed similar temples across India. The temple manifests a blend of Dravidian,Utkala and Rajasthani architectures.
Not a single day but everyday to be declared as Earth day
we have done much harm to our planet …
Brilliant visualization. Save trees save yourselves!
Best Ads for Saving Tree
A Heart Touching and a wonderful essay on Saving Trees:-
A globe. What colors do we see–blue and green? These days we pollute mother earth very badly and slowly on the globe, there will not be any green left! I know we would not like that. You know, people do not value what they have until they have lost it. Well, in this case it is trees.Trees are important, valuable and necessary for the existence of any living creature on earth. They are essential to life as we know it. They even help keeping the food chain or food web in balance and they are the most important things on earth because all animals and humans are dependent on it.
“The nature of our future depends on the future of our nature”.
Oxygen production, cleaning the soil, controlling noise pollution, taking in carbon dioxide but give out oxygen, cleaning the air, providing shade and coolness, act as our natural air conditioner can be considered as the first few reasons why trees are priceless. Trees also help-save energy, improve air quality, and solves health problems. They also have financial benefits – a variety of studies show that trees increase residential property values. People pay more for homes with attractive and fully- grown trees or that are in neighborhoods with trees.
Research has shown that the presence of trees in neighborhoods affect both physical and mental health of people living in town POSITIVELY. Hospital patients who have a view of plants and trees have recovered faster than those who have not.
Trees or plants would also make your house look beautiful and would increase the number of compliments regarding the beautiful garden of yours! 😉
Trees also help us by blocking the noise on the streets created by the traffic. Trees also give us food, which is the most important need in our life by this sentence I mean that indirectly trees or plants help us LIVE! We cannot live without food. Trees or plants give us fruits or vegetables. They increase the natural beauty of our home – “Earth”.
Trees give us rubber, paper, oxygen, wood, herbs, shade, cool breeze, gum, fruits, vegetable, grains, and shelter (not only to us by giving wood but also to animals like – birds, snakes, etc. in its tree-holes ).
“The more lightly we take the subject of deforestation, the more heavier it costs”.
On reading this essay, I am sure you have understood the importance of trees – so please STOP CUTTING TREES. ON THE CONTRARY, PLEASE START PLANTING MORE TREES. Save trees to change the future.
“God has cared for these trees, saved them from drought, disease, avalanches, and a thousand tempests and floods. But he cannot save them from fools” – John Muir
Keep Calm and SAVE THE TREEs
WHY SAVE TREES?
Trees clean the air. Tree foliage works as a natural air filter of particulate matter such as dust, micro sized metals and pollutants such as ozone, nitrogen oxides, ammonia and sulfur dioxides. Trees take in carbon dioxide and produce oxygen. Combined with the cooling effect of trees, these processes can have a significant impact on reducing smog and overall air pollution.
Trees improve water quality. A healthy urban forest can have a strong influence on our region’s water quality. Tree canopies and root systems slow and reduce storm water runoff, flooding and erosion. Trees also help filter water runoff reducing potential sources of water pollution into our rivers and storm drains.
Trees save energy. Trees cool the air naturally in two ways: through water evaporating from the leaves and direct shade. Homes shaded by trees need less energy for cooling which means lower monthly utility bills in summer and a reduced need for utilities to increase power generation to meet peak load demand.
Trees raise real estate value. Shaded neighborhoods and well-landscaped yards have a positive economic influence on real estate values, timeliness of house sales and neighborhood desirability. Studies report that landscaping speeds the sale of a home by four to six weeks.
Trees are good for business. A series of studies has investigated associations between the urban forest and people’s response to shopping settings. Scientific results suggest that having trees in the business district streetscape is an important investment for a business community. The presence of a quality urban forest positively influences shoppers’ perceptions, and probably, their behavior.
A majestic fort built in 1458 AD set amidst massive vallum and surrounded by hundreds of temples, the creation of one of Mewar’s legendary heroes Rana Kumbha and the birthplace of tAhe legendary combatant Rana Pratap, Kumbhalgarh is the site of The Great Wall of India. This 36 km fort wall is avowed to be the second longest wall in the world after the Great Wall of China.
Encircled by thirteen elevated mountain peaks, the fort is constructed on the top most ridges around 1,914 meters above sea level. The fortifications of the fort extend to the length of 36 kilometers and this fact has made this fort to be in the international records. It is stated to be the second longest wall in the world, the first being ”the Great Wall of China”. The huge complex of the Fort has numerous palaces, temples and gardens making it more magnificent.
Kumbhalgarh is a fantastic, remote fort, fulfilling romantic expectations and vividly summoning up the chivalrous, warlike Rajput era. This unconquerable fortress is secured under the kind protection of the Aravali ranges. The huge complex of the Fort has numerous palaces, temples and gardens making it more magnificent.
What History Says?
Under the rule of the king Rana Kumbha of Mewar, his kingdom stretched right from Ranthambore to Gwalior. Out of the 84 fortresses that defended Mewar from its enemies, about 32 were designed by Rana Kumbha himself. Among all the fortresses designed by Rana Kumbha , Kumbhalgarh has been the most impressive, famous and the massive one with a wall of the length of 36km. It was built in the 15th century and is one of the very few forts in history, that was never conquered. It separated Mewar and Marwar from each other and was also used as the refuge for the rulers of Mewar at the times of danger.
According to legend it was here that the young Maharana Udai Singh II was brought for safety by his nurse Panna Dhai after an assassination attempt. Kumbhalgarh was also the birthplace of Udai Singh II’s famous warrior son Maharana Pratap. The fort remained impregnable to direct assault, and fell only once, due to a shortage of drinking water, to the combined forces of Mughal Emperor Akbar, Raja Man Singh of Amber, Raja Udai Singh of Marwar, and the Mirzas in Gujarat.
Second Longest wall in the World !!!
Kumbhalgarh Fort is the second most important fort of Rajasthan after Chittorgarh and is situated about 84 km from Udaipur. Kumbhalgarh is famous for its historic monument – the majestic Kumbhalgarh Fort and captivating wildlife sanctuary. The impregnable Fort boasts of seven massive gates, seven ramparts folded with one another with designed walls toughened by curved bastions and huge watch towers. The Fort is also known for its famous palace that resides on the top of the structure, known as ‘Badal Mahal’ or the Palace of Cloud, that encloses beautiful rooms with pleasant colour schemes of green, turquoise and white, which provides a fascinating contrast to the raw, earthy and grim fortress. The palace was rebuilt by Rana Fateh Singh in the late 19th century. It’s worth taking a leisurely walk in the large compound, which has some interesting ruins and temples and is usually very peaceful.
Kumbhalgarh castle is a Mewar fortress at the westerly range of Aravalli Hills, in the Rajsamand District of Rajasthan country in western India. it is a global history web site included in Hill Forts of Rajasthan. constructed during the path of the fifteenth century by using Rana Kumbha and enlarged via the 19th century, Kumbhalgarh is also the birthplace of Maharana Pratap, the outstanding king and warrior of Mewar. Occupied till the past due 19th century, the citadel is now open to the general public and is spectacularly lit for a couple of minutes every evening. Kumbalgarh is situated 82 km northwest of Udaipur by street. it’s far the most vital fort in Mewar afterChittaurgarh.
In 2013, at the 37th session of the arena historical past Committee held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Kumbhalgarh fortress, along with 5 different forts of Rajasthan, was declared a UNESCO international historical past site below the institution Hill Forts of Rajasthan.
The fort is the second largest wall in the world after the wonderful Wall of China and the second biggest fort in Rajasthan afterChittorgarh castle.
Rajastan, India’s one of the most colorful states is replete with lots of mystifying, mindboggling and fascinating palatial palaces and huge forts that take us right back to their glorious and vibrant past. Rulers of north and north west India always lived in constant fear of invasions from nearby rulers as we as foreign rulers from NW frontier regions. So, they felt compelled to build huge strong self- contained forts with all facilities to stay alive in case ofprolonged sieges. Hence, these regions have numerous forts unlike southern india where the threats from other rulers were minimum.
The Great Wall of India at Kumbalgarh is India’s answer to China
Cradled in the Aravalli range, Kumbalgarh Fort is the second longest wall in the world. Local guides describe it as the second longest, continuous wall in the world after the Great Wall of China. It’s also a UNESCO World Heritage site that circumscribes hundreds of ancient temples, palaces, and endangered wildlife within its ramparts. In spite of these superlatives, the impressive bastions of the Kumbhalgarh Fort border on obscurity in tourism-saturated Rajasthan. Eighty kilometres north of Udaipur, cresting the peaks of the Aravallis, this fort is one of 32 built in the fifteenth century by Maharana Kumbha, the Rajput ruler of the Mewar kingdom.
If the fortress can inspire awe even in these jaded times, it must have been a really formidable sight for a medieval traveller. After traversing a landscape punctuated by wild forests and lakes, it suddenly materialises, crowning the summit of a hill. It is the highest elevation in Rajasthan, after Mount Abu, with a thick wall encircling it like a python.
It’s evident that the Maharana’s aesthetic sensibility favoured unabashedly big, bold, and beautiful structures. Ram Pol, the fort’s main gateway towers overhead, the palaces are perched at lofty heights, and even the footrests of the Indian-style toilets inside are so wide apart that a grown man would have to strain to squat comfortably. But nowhere is his personal style more flamboyantly displayed than the crenellated ramparts that weave whimsically through remote Aravalli forests for an astonishing 36 kilometres. They wind around the rim of the hilltop enclosing a large expanse of wooded hillside. Outside this perimeter, plunging down the hill into the deep valley below, are the dense jungles of Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, where wolves, leopards, and panthers reign.
Prambanan Temple is said to be the most beautiful Hindu temple in the world. It is the biggest temple complex in Java with three main temples dedicated to the three great Hindu divinities, Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma, the symbols of Trimurti in Hindu belief.
According to the history, Rakai Pikatan, a Hindu prince from Sanjaya Dynasty, who had married into the ruling Buddhist Sailendra monarchy built all the temples in the Prambanan archaeological park in the 8th century AD. In its original form, the temple complex contained over 250 large and small temples. The temple compound was expanded by successive Mataram kings with the addition of the hundreds of perwara temples around the central temples. It served as the royal temple of the Kingdom of Mataram for its religious ceremonies and sacrifices. However, in the 10thcentury the temple was largely abandoned because the Mataram dynasty moved to East Java. It then collapsed during a major earthquake in the 16th century.
Also locally known as Roro Jonggrang, legend has it that the 1,000th statue of the temple was the statue of a slender virgin lady named Roro Jonggrang, who turned into stone by a young and powerful man named Bandung Bondowoso after her attempt to thwart Bondowoso’s effort in building a thousand temples and two wells in one night for the lady failed. Bondowoso was in love with Roro Jonggrang and asked her to marry him. However, Roro Jonggrang was full of hatred because Bondowoso killed her father; hence she tried to refuse his proposal by asking him a seemingly impossible task. As a man who had unseen troop of spirits, it was easy for Bondowoso to finish the task. After nearly a thousand temples had been built, Roro Jonggrang asked the villagers to pound rice and to set a fire in order to look like the morning had broken. This way, the spirits had no choice but left before completing the last one temple. Bondowoso realised that the lady had cheated him so he turned Roro Jonggrang into the 1,000th statue. This is a very interesting folklore that local people love to share.
PRAMBANAN, Beautiful Hindu Temple in the World
Prambanan Temple or Temple of Loro Jonggrang is the largest Hindu temple complex in Indonesia, which was built in the 9th century BC. This temple is dedicated to Trimurti, the three main Hindu gods Brahma as the creator god, Vishnu as the preserver god, and the god Shiva as the destroyer. Based on the inscription Siwagrha original name of this temple complex is Siwagrha (Sanskrit which means ‘house of Shiva’), and indeed in garbagriha (main hall) This temple sits a statue of Shiva Mahadeva three meters high which shows that in this temple of Lord Shiva are preferred. This temple is including the UNESCO World Heritage Site, the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia, and one of the most beautiful temples in Southeast Asia. The architecture of the building is tall and slender shape in accordance with Hindu architecture in general with the Shiva temple as the main temple has a height reached 47 meters towering over the center of the complex cluster of temples are smaller.