A Guide to Indian Food

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Most of us are confused when it comes to referring to pulses, cereals or spices in English. Mostly because we are used to refer to these products in our regional names or Hindi. Here’s a detailed glossary that will help you search for relevant English names for most of the food products that add to the distinct taste of the Indian cuisine. For ease of reference, the food products have been divided into four categories – Pulses, Cereals, Spices and Seeds and General.

Pulses –

Indian / Hindi nameEnglish nameImage
Arhar / Rahar / Tur / TuarPigeon pea / Red gramArhar Daal
ChanaChickpeas (Brown)Chana
Cholia / Hara chanaChickpeas (Green)Cholia / Hara chana
Chana DaalSplit Bengal gramChana Daal
Chawli / LobhiaBlack-eyed beans / CowpeaChawli / Lobhia
DaalPulses / Split beans / Beans
DaliaBroken wheatDalia
Kabuli Chana / ChholeGarbanzo beans / Chickpeas (White)Kabuli Chana / Chhole
KulthiHorse gramKulthi
KurmuraPuffed riceKurmura
MasoorRed lentilsMasoor
MatarPeaMatar
MoongGreen gram / Mung beanMoong
Motth / MatkiTurkish gram / Moth beanMotth / Matki
PohaBeaten ricePoha
RajmaKidney beansRajma
TilSesameTil
Urad Daal / Kaali DaalBlack gram / Black lentil (whole) / White lentil (dehusked)Urad Dal / Kaali Dal
VaalField beansVaal

 

Cereals –

Indian / Hindi nameEnglish nameImage
BajraPearl milletbajra - A Guide to Indian Food
ChaawalRiceChaawal
GehunWheatGehun
JowBarleyJow
JowarSorghum bicolorJowar
Makki / MakaiMaize, CornMakki / Makai
Raagi / NachaniFinger milletRaagi / Nachani

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Spices –

Indian / Hindi nameEnglish nameImage
Adrak / SonthGingerAdrak / Sonth
AjwaainCarom Seeds / ThymeAjwaain
Chakra Phool / Chakri PhoolStar Anisechakri phool - A Guide to Indian Food
DaalchiniCinnamonDaalchini
Elaichi (Chhoti)Green CardamomElaichi (Chhoti)
Elaichi (Moti)Brown CardamomElaichi (Moti)
HingAsafoetidaHing
JaiphalNutmegJavitri
JavitriMaceJavitri
JeeraCuminJavitri
Kaali Mirch / Kaali MeeriBlack PepperKaali Mirch / Kaali Meeri
Lasan / LahsunGarlicLasan / Lahsun
LaungCloveLaung
RaaiMustard seeds (small)Raai
SarsonMustard seeds (big)Sarson
Tej patta / TamaalpatraBay leafTej patta / Tamaalpatra

 

Seeds and General –

Indian / Hindi nameEnglish nameImage
Chhoti SaunfAnise / Aniseedchhoti saunf - A Guide to Indian Food
MaidaRefined flourMaida
Rava / SoojiSemolinaRava / Sooji
Sabudana / SaaboodanaSagosabudana - A Guide to Indian Food
SaunfFennel Seedsaunf - A Guide to Indian Food

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